Zinc Oxide (ZnO) thin films have been addressed as promising candidates for the fabrication of Resistive Random Access Memory devices, which are alternative to conventional charge-based flash memories. According to the filamentary conducting model and charge trapping/detrapping theory developed in the last decade, the memristive behavior of ZnO thin films is explained in terms of conducting filaments formed by metallic ions and/or oxygen vacancies, and their breaking through electrochemical redox reactions and/or recombination of oxygen vacancies/ions. A comparative review of the memristive properties of ZnO thin films grown by sputtering, atomic layer deposition (ALD), pulsed laser deposition (PLD), and sol-gel methods is here proposed. Sputtered ZnO thin films show promising resistive switching behaviors, showing high on/off ratios (10–104), good endurance, and low operating voltages. ALD is also indicated to be useful for growing conformal ZnO layers with atomic thickness control, resulting in important resistive switching characteristics, such as relatively high on/off ratios and low operating voltages. High insulating epitaxial ZnO thin films can be obtained by PLD, showing reliable switching properties at low voltages and with good retention. On the contrary, the sol-gel approach generally results in ZnO thin films with poor resistive switching behaviors. Nevertheless, thin films derived from ZnO NPs show improved switching performances, with higher on/off ratios and lower operating voltages. Independently of the synthetic approach, doped ZnO thin films exhibit better resistive switching behaviors than pristine ones, coupling a strong increase of the on/off ratio with a more stable switching response.
|Titolo:||Zinc Oxide Thin Films for Memristive Devices: A Review|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/10408436.2016.1192988|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|