This paper presents a new low-complexity H.264 encoder for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) applications. Standard video coding systems currently employed in UAV applications do not rely on some peculiarities in terms of scene 3D model and correlation among successive frames. In particular, the observed scene is static, i.e. the camera movement is dominant, and it can often be well approximated with a plane. Moreover, camera position and orientation can be obtained from the navigation system. Therefore, correspondent points on two video frames are linked by a simple homography. The encoder employs a new motion estimation scheme which make use of the global motion information provided by the onboard navigation system. The homography is used in order to initialize the block matching algorithm allowing a more robust motion estimation and a smaller search window, and hence reducing the complexity. Experimental results show that the proposed scheme ouperforms standard H.264 in terms of PSNR and throughput. The results are relevant in low frame rate video coding, which is a typical scenario in UAV behind line-of-sight (BLOS) missions. Experiments open new drections in developing new sensor aided video coding standards.

Sensor aided H.264 video encoder for UAV applications / Angelino, C. V.; Cicala, L.; De Mizio, M.; Leoncini, P.; Baccaglini, Enrico; Gavelli, M.; Raimondo, Nadir; Scopigno, Riccardo. - ELETTRONICO. - (2013), pp. 173-176. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 2013 Picture Coding Symposium, PCS 2013 tenutosi a San Jose, CA, USA nel 2013 [10.1109/PCS.2013.6737711].

Sensor aided H.264 video encoder for UAV applications

BACCAGLINI, ENRICO;RAIMONDO, NADIR;SCOPIGNO, RICCARDO
2013

Abstract

This paper presents a new low-complexity H.264 encoder for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) applications. Standard video coding systems currently employed in UAV applications do not rely on some peculiarities in terms of scene 3D model and correlation among successive frames. In particular, the observed scene is static, i.e. the camera movement is dominant, and it can often be well approximated with a plane. Moreover, camera position and orientation can be obtained from the navigation system. Therefore, correspondent points on two video frames are linked by a simple homography. The encoder employs a new motion estimation scheme which make use of the global motion information provided by the onboard navigation system. The homography is used in order to initialize the block matching algorithm allowing a more robust motion estimation and a smaller search window, and hence reducing the complexity. Experimental results show that the proposed scheme ouperforms standard H.264 in terms of PSNR and throughput. The results are relevant in low frame rate video coding, which is a typical scenario in UAV behind line-of-sight (BLOS) missions. Experiments open new drections in developing new sensor aided video coding standards.
9781479902941
9781479902941
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2645090
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