In this work the limitations of standard approaches, commonly used to describe mass transfer in fluid–fluid systems are critically discussed. Emphasis is placed on polydisperse systems, such as liquid–liquid dispersions. In the simplest possible approach the fluid–fluid system is assumed to be monodisperse: namely all the elements of the disperse phase have the same properties. This very simple (albeit inaccurate) approach is the one typically employed for design, scale-up and optimization of unit operations and of the corresponding equipments. The adequacy (or inadequacy) of this model depends on the competition between three phenomena: droplet coalescence, breakage and mass transfer (often enhanced by chemical reactions). When coalescence and breakage dominate, the only polydispersity that has to be accounted for is droplet size, whereas on the contrary, when mass transfer dominates the process, very often polydispersity with respect to both size and chemical composition must be considered. This can be efficiently done by solving the so-called population balance equation with, for example, quadrature-based moment methods. In this work a strategy to evaluate a-priori the complexity of the model to be used, based on time scales, is proposed and tested.
|Titolo:||Limitations of simple mass transfer models in polydisperse liquid–liquid dispersions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.cej.2016.03.070|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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