This paper addresses approaches to evaluation of commercial Spaceports solutions, starting from specific customer needs and related to the case of a small reusable vehicle able to carry people or microgravity payloads on parabolic flights to 100 Km of altitude. The approach to the Spaceport evaluation and selection is based on the vehicle concept and associated technologies, as well as on the spacecraft reference mission scenario, in particular takeoff, landing and trajectory. With the aid of a proper functional analysis and concept of operations, specific requirements to the Spaceports capabilities will be derived for the selected reference mission, with emphasis to launch and landing operations (runway, length, width), location, climate, proximity of alternate landing sites, handling, use, storage and transportation of propellants, layout, safety. For the selected test case, rather than designing a brand new Spaceport, the used approach will start from the assessment of specific existing sites and infrastructures, and will eventually identify follow on upgrades to fulfill the relevant mission requirements, including some preliminary contingency scenarios during operations that may be driving specific Spaceport requirements. Also, new concepts of spaceports will be evaluated to enhance operations flexibility for commercial purposes, which include sea and land based configurable platforms for VTOL Operations and associated infrastructures. The approach to the development of the Spaceports Safety analysis, of a proper Safety Risk Management and the operations integration within the applicable National Regulatory system and requirements will also be evaluated, in accordance with the relevant mission requirements. The application of Safety analysis and in general of the safety criteria will be paramount in the assessment of existing infrastructures and in the identification of requirements to possible modifications and enhancement of specific capabilities. In particular, Safety Assessment will take into account the Spaceport existing layout, with reference to the closest populated area and traffic road, for the definition of minimum distance related to the use and storage of propellants or explosives needed for the spaceplane. The Spaceports evaluation will include a preliminary definition of the concept of a Ground Segment that provides the functionalities to support the reference mission both on ground and on flight. Ground Segment includes the ground facilities and tools that support the operations at the Spaceports, the Mission Control Center, and the Ground Stations to track the vehicle trajectory with the associated communication approach. Further considerations on future market trends will also be developed.

Approaches to development of commercial spaceport and associated ground segment driven by specific spaceplane vehicle and mission operation requirements / Santoro, Francesco; Bianco, Alberto Del; Bellomo, Alessandro; Martucci, Giovanni; Viola, Nicole; Fusaro, Roberta. - ELETTRONICO. - Proceedings:(2015). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 65th International Astronautical Congress (IAC) tenutosi a Jerusalem nel 12-18 October 2015.

Approaches to development of commercial spaceport and associated ground segment driven by specific spaceplane vehicle and mission operation requirements.

VIOLA, Nicole;FUSARO, ROBERTA
2015

Abstract

This paper addresses approaches to evaluation of commercial Spaceports solutions, starting from specific customer needs and related to the case of a small reusable vehicle able to carry people or microgravity payloads on parabolic flights to 100 Km of altitude. The approach to the Spaceport evaluation and selection is based on the vehicle concept and associated technologies, as well as on the spacecraft reference mission scenario, in particular takeoff, landing and trajectory. With the aid of a proper functional analysis and concept of operations, specific requirements to the Spaceports capabilities will be derived for the selected reference mission, with emphasis to launch and landing operations (runway, length, width), location, climate, proximity of alternate landing sites, handling, use, storage and transportation of propellants, layout, safety. For the selected test case, rather than designing a brand new Spaceport, the used approach will start from the assessment of specific existing sites and infrastructures, and will eventually identify follow on upgrades to fulfill the relevant mission requirements, including some preliminary contingency scenarios during operations that may be driving specific Spaceport requirements. Also, new concepts of spaceports will be evaluated to enhance operations flexibility for commercial purposes, which include sea and land based configurable platforms for VTOL Operations and associated infrastructures. The approach to the development of the Spaceports Safety analysis, of a proper Safety Risk Management and the operations integration within the applicable National Regulatory system and requirements will also be evaluated, in accordance with the relevant mission requirements. The application of Safety analysis and in general of the safety criteria will be paramount in the assessment of existing infrastructures and in the identification of requirements to possible modifications and enhancement of specific capabilities. In particular, Safety Assessment will take into account the Spaceport existing layout, with reference to the closest populated area and traffic road, for the definition of minimum distance related to the use and storage of propellants or explosives needed for the spaceplane. The Spaceports evaluation will include a preliminary definition of the concept of a Ground Segment that provides the functionalities to support the reference mission both on ground and on flight. Ground Segment includes the ground facilities and tools that support the operations at the Spaceports, the Mission Control Center, and the Ground Stations to track the vehicle trajectory with the associated communication approach. Further considerations on future market trends will also be developed.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2626774
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo