Vacuum Insulation Panels (VIPs) are characterised by very low thermal conductivity, compared to traditional insulating materials. For this reason, they represent a promising solution to improve the thermal behaviour of buildings, especially in the case of energy retrofitting (where a higher performance and less thickness is desirable). VIPs are insulating components in which a core material is surrounded by an air tight envelope which allows a high degree of internal vacuum to be maintained. Such features, on the one hand, allow excellent thermal insulation properties to be achieved, but, on the other, require the manufacturing of prefabricated panels of fixed shape/size. This means that the use of these super insulating materials in the building envelope involves the problem of joining the panels to each other and of fixing them onto additional supporting elements. As a result, purposely studied supporting structures or systems are required. However, these structures and systems cause thermal bridging effects. The overall energy performance of the resulting insulation package can therefore be affected to a great extent by these additional elements, and can become significantly lower than that of the VIP panel alone. In order to verify the incidence of thermal bridges on the overall energy performance of an insulation system that makes use of VIP panels, an experimental campaign has been carried out using a heat flux metre apparatus and analysing different joint materials/typologies. First, a measurement method was proposed, tested and verified on the basis of data from the available literature. A series of measurements on different samples was then performed. The experimental results were then used to calibrate and verify a numerical model that allows the performance of various “VIP packages” to be predicted and the performance of the overall package to be optimised.
|Titolo:||Experimental and numerical investigation of thermal bridging effects of jointed Vacuum Insulation Panels|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.enbuild.2015.11.026|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|