Physical hardening is a phenomenon that takes place at low temperatures, producing time-dependent isothermal changes in the rheological properties of bituminous binders. Stiffening effects caused by physical hardening combine with those consequent to chemical ageing, thus promoting the build-up of thermally-induced stresses which may lead to premature pavement failure. The main goal of this paper was to investigate the influence of physical hardening on low tem-perature properties of bituminous binders tested in different ageing conditions. Moreover, reversibility of hardening phenomena was directly assessed by means of a dedicated testing protocol. The study, carried out by making use of the Bend-ing Beam Rheometer (BBR), considered four binders of different type and origin (two neat bitumens and two commercial SBS polymer-modified binders) and three ageing conditions (original, short-term ageing and long-term ageing). Obtained results, expressed in terms of a Physical Hardening Rate (PHR), showed a significant effect of chemical ageing on low temperature hardening of binders. In particular, rate of hardening was found to vary with temperature and to decrease with degree of ageing. Reversibility of the hardening process was also verified.

Experimental Investigation on the Combined Effects of Physical Hardening and Chemical Ageing on Low Temperature Properties of Bituminous Binders / Santagata, Ezio; Baglieri, Orazio; Dalmazzo, Davide; Tsantilis, Lucia. - STAMPA. - RILEM BOOKSERIES Vol.11:(2016), pp. 631-641. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 8th RILEM International Symposium on Testing and Characterization of Sustainable and Innovative Bituminous Materials tenutosi a Ancona nel 7-9 ottobre 2015 [10.1007/978-94-017-7342-3_51].

Experimental Investigation on the Combined Effects of Physical Hardening and Chemical Ageing on Low Temperature Properties of Bituminous Binders

SANTAGATA, Ezio;BAGLIERI, ORAZIO;DALMAZZO, DAVIDE;TSANTILIS, LUCIA
2016

Abstract

Physical hardening is a phenomenon that takes place at low temperatures, producing time-dependent isothermal changes in the rheological properties of bituminous binders. Stiffening effects caused by physical hardening combine with those consequent to chemical ageing, thus promoting the build-up of thermally-induced stresses which may lead to premature pavement failure. The main goal of this paper was to investigate the influence of physical hardening on low tem-perature properties of bituminous binders tested in different ageing conditions. Moreover, reversibility of hardening phenomena was directly assessed by means of a dedicated testing protocol. The study, carried out by making use of the Bend-ing Beam Rheometer (BBR), considered four binders of different type and origin (two neat bitumens and two commercial SBS polymer-modified binders) and three ageing conditions (original, short-term ageing and long-term ageing). Obtained results, expressed in terms of a Physical Hardening Rate (PHR), showed a significant effect of chemical ageing on low temperature hardening of binders. In particular, rate of hardening was found to vary with temperature and to decrease with degree of ageing. Reversibility of the hardening process was also verified.
978-94-017-7341-6
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2621913
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