Precipitation of calcium carbonate from water films generates fascinating calcite morphologies that have attracted scientific interest over past centuries. Nowadays, speleothems are no longer known only for their beauty but they are also recognized to be precious records of past climatic conditions, and research aims to unveil and understand the mechanisms responsible for their morphological evolution. In this paper, we focus on crenulations, a widely observed ripple-like instability of the the calcite–water interface that develops orthogonally to the film flow. We expand a previous work providing new insights about the chemical and physical mechanisms that drive the formation of crenulations. In particular, we demonstrate the marginal role played by carbon dioxide transport in generating crenulation patterns, which are indeed induced by the hydrodynamic response of the free surface of the water film. Furthermore, we investigate the role of different environmental parameters, such as temperature, concentration of dissolved ions and wall slope. We also assess the convective/absolute nature of the crenulation instability. Finally, the possibility of using crenulation wavelength as a proxy of past flows is briefly discussed from a theoretical point of view.
Thin-film-induced morphological instabilities over calcite surfaces / Vesipa, Riccardo; Ridolfi, Luca; Camporeale, Carlo Vincenzo. - In: PROCEEDINGS - ROYAL SOCIETY. MATHEMATICAL, PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES. - ISSN 1471-2946. - STAMPA. - 471(2015), pp. 20150031-20150031.
|Titolo:||Thin-film-induced morphological instabilities over calcite surfaces|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2015.0031|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|