Zinc oxide nanowires (ZnO NWs) were grown by a two-step growth method, involving the deposition of a patterned ZnO thin seeding layer and the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of ZnO NWs. Two ways of patterning the seed layer were performed. The seeding solution containing ZnO precursors was deposited by sol–gel/spin coating technique and patterned by photolithography. In the other case, the seeding solution was directly printed by inkjet printing only on selected portion of the substrate areas. In both cases, crystallization of the seed layer was achieved by thermal annealing in ambient air. Vertically aligned ZnO NWs were then grown by CVD on patterned, seeded substrates. The structure and morphology of ZnO NWs was analyzed by means of X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscopy measurements, respectively, while the vibrational properties were evaluated through Raman spectroscopy. Results showed that less-defective, vertically aligned, c-axis oriented ZnO NWs were grown on substrates patterned by photolithography while more defective nanostructures were grown on printed seed layer. A feature size of 30 µm was transferred into the patterned seed layer, and a good selectivity in growing ZnO NWs was obtained.
|Titolo:||Selective growth of ZnO nanowires on substrates patterned by photolithography and inkjet printing|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00339-014-8453-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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