Cracking in Silicon solar cells is an important factor for the electrical power-loss of photovoltaic modules. Simple geometrical criteria identifying the amount of inactive cell areas depending on the position of cracks with respect to the main electric conductors have been proposed in the literature to predict worst case scenarios. Here we present an experimental study based on the electroluminescence (EL) technique showing that crack propagation in monocrystalline Silicon cells embedded in photovoltaic (PV) modules is a much more complex phenomenon. In spite of the very brittle nature of Silicon, due to the action of the encapsulating polymer and residual thermo-elastic stresses, cracked regions can recover the electric conductivity during mechanical unloading due to crack closure. During cyclic bending, fatigue degradation is reported. This pinpoints the importance of reducing cyclic stresses caused by vibrations due to transportation and use, in order to limit the effect of cracking in Silicon cells.

Fatigue degradation and electric recovery in Silicon solar cells embedded in photovoltaic modules / Paggi, Marco; Berardone, Irene; Infuso, Andrea; Corrado, Mauro. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 4:(2014), pp. 1-7. [10.1038/srep04506]

Fatigue degradation and electric recovery in Silicon solar cells embedded in photovoltaic modules

PAGGI, MARCO;BERARDONE, IRENE;INFUSO, ANDREA;CORRADO, MAURO
2014

Abstract

Cracking in Silicon solar cells is an important factor for the electrical power-loss of photovoltaic modules. Simple geometrical criteria identifying the amount of inactive cell areas depending on the position of cracks with respect to the main electric conductors have been proposed in the literature to predict worst case scenarios. Here we present an experimental study based on the electroluminescence (EL) technique showing that crack propagation in monocrystalline Silicon cells embedded in photovoltaic (PV) modules is a much more complex phenomenon. In spite of the very brittle nature of Silicon, due to the action of the encapsulating polymer and residual thermo-elastic stresses, cracked regions can recover the electric conductivity during mechanical unloading due to crack closure. During cyclic bending, fatigue degradation is reported. This pinpoints the importance of reducing cyclic stresses caused by vibrations due to transportation and use, in order to limit the effect of cracking in Silicon cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2545336
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