Air heat exchangers are made with tubes joined to finned pack. The connection between tubes and fins can be obtained through a mechanical process where an ogive is pushed inside the tube with smaller internal diameter causing its expansion. Residual plastic deformation provides the assembly with the fins. Accurate connection over the whole contact area of the tubes and fins is essential for maximum heat exchange efficiency. The goal of this work is to study and develop a finite element model able to effectively simulate expansion forming, allowing process analysis and, eventually, process optimization. The paper is divided into a first experimental part, where the materials used for the heat exchangers are characterized, and a second numerical part where models have been developed on the basis of the experimental data. The developed models are used to identify the material properties with an inverse method, and then to study the technological process of tube expansion by using a simplified but sufficiently accurate description. The model has proved to be an effective design tool, as it can evaluate the influence of the main parameters on the process and so optimize production according to technological variations.
|Titolo:||Experimental and numerical characterization of a mechanical expansion process for thin-walled tubes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2013.12.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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