The paper presents the experimental analysis and the characterization of an electrical capacitance probe (ECP) that has beendeveloped at the SIET Italian Company, for the measurement of two-phase flow parameters during the experimental simulation of nuclear accidents, as LOCA.The ECP is used to investigate a vertical air/water flow, characterized by void fraction higher than 95%, with mass flow rates ranging from 0.094 to 0.15 kg/s for air and from0.002 to 0.021 kg/s for water, corresponding to an annular flow pattern. From the ECP signals, the electrode shape functions (i.e., the signals as a function of electrode distances) in single and two-phase flows are obtained. The dependence of the signal on the void fraction is derived and the liquid film thickness and the phase’s velocity are evaluated by means of rather simple models. The experimental analysis allows one to characterize the ECP, showing the advantages and the drawbacks of this technique for the two-phase flow characterization at high void fraction.
|Titolo:||Electrical Capacitance Probe Characterization in Vertical Annular Two-Phase Flow|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1155/4262|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|