The electrocatalytic activity towards the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) of three series of Pt electrocatalysts supported onto the surface of hybrid nanostructures composed of ordered mesoporous carbons (OMCs) and tungsten trioxide (WO3) is investigated. OMCs nanostructures are obtained by hard-template method, through the carbonization of sucrose into the mesopores of the SBA-15 silica and subsequent removal of the template. Hybrid OMC-WO3 supports are synthesized by impregnation of phosphotungstic acid (PWA) onto OMCs, followed by thermal decomposition in N2 atmosphere at three different temperatures (400, 500 and 600 °C, respectively). Pt/OMC-WO3 electrocatalysts are prepared by the wetness impregnation technique using a solution of chloroplatinic acid hexahydrated in acetone. Hybrid OMC-WO3 supports and Pt/OMC-WO3 electrocatalysts are characterized from the structural-morphological viewpoint by means of X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy with energy-dispersive spectroscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopies. Cyclic voltammetry, CO stripping and chronoamperometry measurements are used for the electrochemical characterization of the electrocatalysts towards MOR: the electrocatalytic activity is dependent both on the nature of the supporting materials and on the particle size and structure of WO3. Catalysts containing smaller WO3 crystallites, in fact, demonstrate superior mass-specific activity towards MOR, compared to those possessing larger WO3 particles or amorphous WO3. Finally, the electrochemical behaviour of the best performing electrocatalyst, the Pt/OMC-WO3-500, is compared to that of its counterpart with no WO3 (i.e., Pt/OMC) in a single 5 cm2 cell DMFC: the obtained slightly enhanced electrocatalytic activity is attributed to the mutual effect of the hybrid support and the metal nanoparticles. The presence of WO3 not only promotes the mass-specific activity of the supported electrocatalysts, but also decreases the ohmic resistance.
|Titolo:||Hybrid ordered mesoporous carbons doped with tungsten trioxide as supports for Pt electrocatalysts for methanol oxidation reaction|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.electacta.2013.01.139|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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