This paper contains the forensic reconstruction of a powerful explosion that occurred in a flour mill in Italy in 2007. The mill produced wheat flour and was organised over 4 floors inside a very old building. The explosion occurred just after a tanker had been loaded with flour which was to be delivered to customers. Since the truck was loaded with a slight excess of flour, a small amount was sent back to one of the silos, via pneumatic transport, through a rubber hose connected to a steel pipe. The explosion destroyed the building and killed 5 workers. Through an analysis of the collected evidence, the testimony of the witnesses and an examination of the debris, the causes and dynamics of the explosion are here described. It was recognised that the explosion was ignited because of an electrostatic arc that occurred in the pneumatic transport duct. Signs of the explosion in the duct were evident because of the deformation that was provoked by internal overpressure. The triggering discharge occurred at the joint between the hose and the pipe. The pipe deformations were coherent with calculations of an internal pressure increase according to EN 14491. The explosion propagated to a flour silo and then to the whole building through the elevator case, and resulted in many secondary explosions. The explosion dynamics are here described and the lesson that have been learned are also proposed.

Forensic reconstruction of the explosion that occurred at the cordero flour mill, Cuneo, Italy / Marmo, Luca; Demichela, Micaela. - STAMPA. - 26:(2012), pp. 633-638. ((Intervento presentato al convegno CISAP5 -5th International Conference on Safety & Environment in Process & Power Industry tenutosi a Milano, Italia nel 02-05 june 2013 [10.3303/CET1226106].

Forensic reconstruction of the explosion that occurred at the cordero flour mill, Cuneo, Italy

MARMO, LUCA;DEMICHELA, Micaela
2012

Abstract

This paper contains the forensic reconstruction of a powerful explosion that occurred in a flour mill in Italy in 2007. The mill produced wheat flour and was organised over 4 floors inside a very old building. The explosion occurred just after a tanker had been loaded with flour which was to be delivered to customers. Since the truck was loaded with a slight excess of flour, a small amount was sent back to one of the silos, via pneumatic transport, through a rubber hose connected to a steel pipe. The explosion destroyed the building and killed 5 workers. Through an analysis of the collected evidence, the testimony of the witnesses and an examination of the debris, the causes and dynamics of the explosion are here described. It was recognised that the explosion was ignited because of an electrostatic arc that occurred in the pneumatic transport duct. Signs of the explosion in the duct were evident because of the deformation that was provoked by internal overpressure. The triggering discharge occurred at the joint between the hose and the pipe. The pipe deformations were coherent with calculations of an internal pressure increase according to EN 14491. The explosion propagated to a flour silo and then to the whole building through the elevator case, and resulted in many secondary explosions. The explosion dynamics are here described and the lesson that have been learned are also proposed.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2503985
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo