In Computer Experiments (CE), a careful selection of the design points is mandatory to predict the system response at untried points, based on the values observed at tried points. In physical experiments, the protocol is based on Design of Experiments, a methodology whose basic principles are questioned in CE. When the responses of a CE are modeled as jointly Gaussian random variables with covariance depending on the distance between points, the use of the so called space-filling designs (random designs, stratified designs and Latin Hypercube designs) is a common choice, because it is expected that the nearer untried point is to the design points, the better is the prediction. In this paper we focus on the class of Latin Hypercube (LH) designs. The behavior of various LH designs is examined according the Gaussian assumption, in order to minimize the total prediction error at the points of a regular lattice. In such a special case, the problem is reduced to an algebraic statistical model which is solved by using both symbolic algebraic software and statistical software. We provide closed-form computation of the variance of the Gaussian linear predictor as a function of the design, in order to make a comparison between LH designs. In principle, the method applies to any number of factors and any number of levels, and also to classes of designs other than LHs. In our current implementation, the applicability is limited by the high computational complexity of the algorithms involved.
|Titolo:||Comparing and generating Latin Hypercube designs in Kriging models|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10182-010-0142-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|