Increasing interest is currently being addressed to multi-energy systems in buildings. These systems integrate different energy sources, at least one of which is renewable, in order to cover the thermal and electrical loads of a building. Since the design and operation of such systems are very complicated for many reasons (e.g. the intermittent nature of the renewable sources, the highly interlinked system layouts), it is of the foremost importance to provide tools to help select the best system configuration and energy sources mix. A modelling approach to multi-energy systems in buildings, based on the energy hub concept is presented in this work. This approach allows the coupling between the energy demand and the energy supply in a building to be modelled in a synthetic way. The model was customised to be used at the concept stage of the building design, either as a system simulation tool or as a system selection tool. If the prices and the characteristics of the energy converters and of the energy-wares are known, it is possible, with a certain set of constraints, to determine the configuration that minimises the initial investment costs, the use of non-renewable sources or the life-cycle costs. This approach makes it possible to avoid the simulation and ranking of a set of different system configurations, and also permits the study of the behaviour of such systems in an open configuration and not as individual systems. An application of the methodology to a case study is provided.
|Titolo:||A model to design and optimize multi-energy systems in buildings at the design concept stage|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2009.08.012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|