The existing literature on cellular multi-user mmWave communication focus on joint baseband and RF precoding designs to enable spatial multiple access with minimum interference. These studies either assume the number of users M is less than the number of RF units N(RF )or schedule the users in time domain by dedicating one RF unit to each user if M > N-RF. It is expected that serving multiple users over OFDMA in each analog beam will offer better utilization of the wideband channel. To this end, for the scenario with M >> N-RF we propose a sectored-cell model that is supported by multi-RF chains over the widehand mmWave channel, with each beam serving multiple users within a sector and the sectors being scheduled in round-robin fashion. We also propose a variable time frame structure that conducts sector-wise initial access, with simultaneous access to all users within a sector. It provides improved spectrum efficiency and decreased initial access delay as compared to the initial access using exhaustive beam search method. We then jointly estimate the optimum beamwidth and optimum N-RF that offer maximum average long-run user rate. Further, we introduce a reduced-complexity sector sojourn time optimization for non-homogeneously distributed users, that improves fairness of long-run user rates leveraging the variable time frame structure. The numerical results show that, while a high value of N-RF causes more interference to peak data rate, the average long-run user rate improves. Additionally, using a very narrow beam is also not optimal for providing maximum rate support. The proposed beamforming method offers a higher average long-run user rate over the competitive beamforming schemes while the complexity of user scheduling is independent of M.

Multi-RF Beamforming-Based Cellular Communication Over Wideband mmWaves / Varshney, Nancy; De, Swades. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 0090-6778. - STAMPA. - 70:4(2022), pp. 2772-2787. [10.1109/tcomm.2022.3147510]

Multi-RF Beamforming-Based Cellular Communication Over Wideband mmWaves

Varshney, Nancy;
2022

Abstract

The existing literature on cellular multi-user mmWave communication focus on joint baseband and RF precoding designs to enable spatial multiple access with minimum interference. These studies either assume the number of users M is less than the number of RF units N(RF )or schedule the users in time domain by dedicating one RF unit to each user if M > N-RF. It is expected that serving multiple users over OFDMA in each analog beam will offer better utilization of the wideband channel. To this end, for the scenario with M >> N-RF we propose a sectored-cell model that is supported by multi-RF chains over the widehand mmWave channel, with each beam serving multiple users within a sector and the sectors being scheduled in round-robin fashion. We also propose a variable time frame structure that conducts sector-wise initial access, with simultaneous access to all users within a sector. It provides improved spectrum efficiency and decreased initial access delay as compared to the initial access using exhaustive beam search method. We then jointly estimate the optimum beamwidth and optimum N-RF that offer maximum average long-run user rate. Further, we introduce a reduced-complexity sector sojourn time optimization for non-homogeneously distributed users, that improves fairness of long-run user rates leveraging the variable time frame structure. The numerical results show that, while a high value of N-RF causes more interference to peak data rate, the average long-run user rate improves. Additionally, using a very narrow beam is also not optimal for providing maximum rate support. The proposed beamforming method offers a higher average long-run user rate over the competitive beamforming schemes while the complexity of user scheduling is independent of M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2989429