Increased assembly complexity is one of the main challenges in manufacturing as it can induce an increase in time, cost, and defects. Several approaches have been proposed in the literature to predict product defects using assembly complexity as a predictor. However, most of these are not directly applicable because they rely on experts’ prior subjective knowledge and are designed for specific industrial applications. To overcome this issue, the present research proposes a novel approach to predict product defects from a purely objective assessment of product complexity, without the need for expert evaluations and assembly experience. A recent conceptual paradigm of complexity that considers only structural properties of assembly parts and their architectural structure is adopted in the proposed approach. The novel model is applied to a real assembly process in the electromechanical field and is compared with one of the most accredited in the literature, i.e., the Shibata–Su model. Empirical results show that, despite the super-linear relationship between defect rates and complexity in both models, the objective approach used in the novel model leads to more accurate and precise predictions of defectiveness rates, as it does not include the variability introduced by expert subjective assessments. Adopting this novel model can effectively improve the estimate of product defects and support designers’ decisions for assembly quality-oriented design and optimization, especially in early design phases.

Defect prediction for assembled products: a novel model based on the structural complexity paradigm / Verna, Elisa; Genta, Gianfranco; Galetto, Maurizio; Franceschini, Fiorenzo. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0268-3768. - ELETTRONICO. - 120:5-6(2022), pp. 3405-3426. [10.1007/s00170-022-08942-6]

Defect prediction for assembled products: a novel model based on the structural complexity paradigm

Verna, Elisa;Genta, Gianfranco;Galetto, Maurizio;Franceschini, Fiorenzo
2022

Abstract

Increased assembly complexity is one of the main challenges in manufacturing as it can induce an increase in time, cost, and defects. Several approaches have been proposed in the literature to predict product defects using assembly complexity as a predictor. However, most of these are not directly applicable because they rely on experts’ prior subjective knowledge and are designed for specific industrial applications. To overcome this issue, the present research proposes a novel approach to predict product defects from a purely objective assessment of product complexity, without the need for expert evaluations and assembly experience. A recent conceptual paradigm of complexity that considers only structural properties of assembly parts and their architectural structure is adopted in the proposed approach. The novel model is applied to a real assembly process in the electromechanical field and is compared with one of the most accredited in the literature, i.e., the Shibata–Su model. Empirical results show that, despite the super-linear relationship between defect rates and complexity in both models, the objective approach used in the novel model leads to more accurate and precise predictions of defectiveness rates, as it does not include the variability introduced by expert subjective assessments. Adopting this novel model can effectively improve the estimate of product defects and support designers’ decisions for assembly quality-oriented design and optimization, especially in early design phases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2957476