Focusing ultrafast laser pulses induce localized permanent structural modifications on the surface or in transparent materials, that are of particular interest for photonic applications. Among the materials of interest, the tellurite glass family is attractive for near-infrared and photonics applications due to its broad-transparency window and high optical nonlinearity. Here, we systematically investigate structural changes occurring in various TeO2-based glasses exposed to femtosecond laser with various laser parameters. Remarkably, in a regime where heat accumulated after successive pulses, we observed the formation of polarization-controlled self-organized patterns expanding well beyond the focal volume, suggesting the presence of an evanescent coupling mechanism enhancing the self-organization. In addition, our results, obtained with compositional elemental analysis coupled with Raman spectra suggest different ion migration mechanisms in the laser affected zone at the surface and inside the glass. The formation of crystalline tellurium (t-Te) from glass structural units due to photo-induced elemental dissociation was observed only at the surface. The formation of ultrathin layer of crystalline tellurium offers the possibility to explore structural transitions in two-dimensional (2D) glasses by observing changes in the short- and medium- range structural orders, induced by spatial confinement.

Investigating femtosecond laser interaction with tellurite glass family / Torun, G.; Kishi, T.; Pugliese, D.; Milanese, D.; Descrovi, E.; Bellouard, Y.. - ELETTRONICO. - GOMD S3: Optical and Electronic Materials and Devices - Fundamentals and Applications:(2021). (Intervento presentato al convegno Glass & Optical Materials Division 2021 Annual Meeting (GOMD 2021) tenutosi a Online nel 13-16 Dicembre 2021).

Investigating femtosecond laser interaction with tellurite glass family

D. Pugliese;E. Descrovi;
2021

Abstract

Focusing ultrafast laser pulses induce localized permanent structural modifications on the surface or in transparent materials, that are of particular interest for photonic applications. Among the materials of interest, the tellurite glass family is attractive for near-infrared and photonics applications due to its broad-transparency window and high optical nonlinearity. Here, we systematically investigate structural changes occurring in various TeO2-based glasses exposed to femtosecond laser with various laser parameters. Remarkably, in a regime where heat accumulated after successive pulses, we observed the formation of polarization-controlled self-organized patterns expanding well beyond the focal volume, suggesting the presence of an evanescent coupling mechanism enhancing the self-organization. In addition, our results, obtained with compositional elemental analysis coupled with Raman spectra suggest different ion migration mechanisms in the laser affected zone at the surface and inside the glass. The formation of crystalline tellurium (t-Te) from glass structural units due to photo-induced elemental dissociation was observed only at the surface. The formation of ultrathin layer of crystalline tellurium offers the possibility to explore structural transitions in two-dimensional (2D) glasses by observing changes in the short- and medium- range structural orders, induced by spatial confinement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2957338