Photonic crystal cavities enable strong light–matter interactions, with numerous applica-tions, such as ultra-small and energy-efficient semiconductor lasers, enhanced nonlinearities and single-photon sources. This paper reviews the properties of the modes of photonic crystal cavities, with a special focus on line-defect cavities. In particular, it is shown how the fundamental resonant mode in line-defect cavities gradually turns from Fabry–Perot-like to distributed-feedback-like with increasing cavity size. This peculiar behavior is directly traced back to the properties of the guided Bloch modes. Photonic crystal cavities based on Fano interference are also covered. This type of cavity is realized through coupling of a line-defect waveguide with an adjacent nanocavity, with applications to Fano lasers and optical switches. Finally, emerging cavities for extreme dielectric confinement are covered. These cavities promise extremely strong light–matter interactions by realizing deep sub-wavelength mode size while keeping a high quality factor.
Modal properties of photonic crystal cavities and applications to lasers / Saldutti, M.; Xiong, M.; Dimopoulos, E.; Yu, Y.; Gioannini, M.; Mork, J.. - In: NANOMATERIALS. - ISSN 2079-4991. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:11(2021), p. 3030. [10.3390/nano11113030]
|Titolo:||Modal properties of photonic crystal cavities and applications to lasers|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano11113030|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|