The purpose of this paper is to develop and validate a delta-radiomics score to predict the response of individual colorectal cancer liver metastases (lmCRC) to first-line FOLFOX chemotherapy. Three hundred one lmCRC were manually segmented on both CT performed at baseline and after the first cycle of first-line FOLFOX, and 107 radiomics features were computed by subtracting textural features of CT at baseline from those at timepoint 1 (TP1). LmCRC were classified as nonresponders (R−) if they showed progression of disease (PD), according to RECIST1.1, before 8 months, and as responders (R+), otherwise. After feature selection, we developed a decision tree statistical model trained using all lmCRC coming from one hospital. The final output was a delta-radiomics signature subsequently validated on an external dataset. Sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV), and negative (NPV) predictive values in correctly classifying individual lesions were assessed on both datasets. Per-lesion sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 99%, 94%, 95%, 99%, 85%, 92%, 90%, and 87%, respectively, in the training and validation datasets. The delta-radiomics signature was able to reliably predict R− lmCRC, which were wrongly classified by lesion RECIST as R+ at TP1, (93%, averaging training and validation set, versus 67% of RECIST). The delta-radiomics signature developed in this study can reliably predict the response of individual lmCRC to oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Lesions forecasted as poor or nonresponders by the signature could be further investigated, potentially paving the way to lesion-specific therapies.

Delta-Radiomics Predicts Response to First-Line Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy in Colorectal Cancer Patients with Liver Metastases / Giannini, V.; Pusceddu, L.; Defeudis, A.; Nicoletti, G.; Cappello, G.; Mazzetti, S.; Sartore-Bianchi, A.; Siena, S.; Vanzulli, A.; Rizzetto, F.; Fenocchio, E.; Lazzari, L.; Bardelli, A.; Marsoni, S.; Regge, D.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:1(2022). [10.3390/cancers14010241]

Delta-Radiomics Predicts Response to First-Line Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy in Colorectal Cancer Patients with Liver Metastases

Giannini V.;Nicoletti G.;
2022

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to develop and validate a delta-radiomics score to predict the response of individual colorectal cancer liver metastases (lmCRC) to first-line FOLFOX chemotherapy. Three hundred one lmCRC were manually segmented on both CT performed at baseline and after the first cycle of first-line FOLFOX, and 107 radiomics features were computed by subtracting textural features of CT at baseline from those at timepoint 1 (TP1). LmCRC were classified as nonresponders (R−) if they showed progression of disease (PD), according to RECIST1.1, before 8 months, and as responders (R+), otherwise. After feature selection, we developed a decision tree statistical model trained using all lmCRC coming from one hospital. The final output was a delta-radiomics signature subsequently validated on an external dataset. Sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV), and negative (NPV) predictive values in correctly classifying individual lesions were assessed on both datasets. Per-lesion sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 99%, 94%, 95%, 99%, 85%, 92%, 90%, and 87%, respectively, in the training and validation datasets. The delta-radiomics signature was able to reliably predict R− lmCRC, which were wrongly classified by lesion RECIST as R+ at TP1, (93%, averaging training and validation set, versus 67% of RECIST). The delta-radiomics signature developed in this study can reliably predict the response of individual lmCRC to oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Lesions forecasted as poor or nonresponders by the signature could be further investigated, potentially paving the way to lesion-specific therapies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2949173