Objective: To evaluate the effects of curing time, post-space region and cyclic fatigue on the micromechanical properties of a fiber-post luting cement. The null hypotheses were that (1) curing time, (2) fatigue and (3) post-space region does not affect the nanoindentation modulus and hardness of the dual-curing cement. Materials and methods: 48 premolars were endodontically treated and a class I cavity and 8 mm deep post space was prepared. Fiber posts were luted with a universal, dualized adhesive system and a dual-curing cement following manufacturer's instructions. Specimens were divided into three groups (16 specimens for each group) according to light-curing time (no light-curing, 20 s light-curing and 120 s light-curing), which was performed with a LED lamp at 1000 mW/cm 2. The coronal part of the cavity was restored using a nano-filled resin composite. After 24 h, 8 specimens for each group were randomly extract in order to undergo to fatigue test in wet condition through a chewing simulator, while the other specimens were kept in distilled water as benchmark. All the restored teeth were then sectioned in 1 mm thick slices perpendicularly to the fiber post axis. Specimen slices were classified in coronal and apical to be tested through a nanoindenter. Data were analyzed through Kruskal-Wallis test with a significance level of 1%, in order to evaluate the influence of treatments (i.e., curing time and cyclic loading) on the micromechanical properties of the tested luting cement. Results: Both fatigue and curing time significantly influenced nanoindentation modulus and hardness of dual-curing cement (p < 0.01). No significant differences were reported for post space region. A significant interaction was found among the analyzed factors (p < 0.01). Significance: 120 s light-curing time is recommended in order to achieve optimal mechanical proprieties, independently from post space region and cyclic fatigue. As matter of fact, 120 s light-curing allowed to prevent strain hardening induced by the fatigue simulation.

Could light-curing time, post-space region and cyclic fatigue affect the nanomechanical behavior of a dual-curing cement for fiber post luting? / Serino, G.; Comba, A.; Baldi, A.; Carossa, M.; Baldissara, P.; Bignardi, C.; Audenino, A.; Torres, C. G. R.; Scotti, N.. - In: JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS. - ISSN 1751-6161. - ELETTRONICO. - 125:(2022), p. 104886. [10.1016/j.jmbbm.2021.104886]

Could light-curing time, post-space region and cyclic fatigue affect the nanomechanical behavior of a dual-curing cement for fiber post luting?

Serino G.;Bignardi C.;Audenino A.;
2022

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of curing time, post-space region and cyclic fatigue on the micromechanical properties of a fiber-post luting cement. The null hypotheses were that (1) curing time, (2) fatigue and (3) post-space region does not affect the nanoindentation modulus and hardness of the dual-curing cement. Materials and methods: 48 premolars were endodontically treated and a class I cavity and 8 mm deep post space was prepared. Fiber posts were luted with a universal, dualized adhesive system and a dual-curing cement following manufacturer's instructions. Specimens were divided into three groups (16 specimens for each group) according to light-curing time (no light-curing, 20 s light-curing and 120 s light-curing), which was performed with a LED lamp at 1000 mW/cm 2. The coronal part of the cavity was restored using a nano-filled resin composite. After 24 h, 8 specimens for each group were randomly extract in order to undergo to fatigue test in wet condition through a chewing simulator, while the other specimens were kept in distilled water as benchmark. All the restored teeth were then sectioned in 1 mm thick slices perpendicularly to the fiber post axis. Specimen slices were classified in coronal and apical to be tested through a nanoindenter. Data were analyzed through Kruskal-Wallis test with a significance level of 1%, in order to evaluate the influence of treatments (i.e., curing time and cyclic loading) on the micromechanical properties of the tested luting cement. Results: Both fatigue and curing time significantly influenced nanoindentation modulus and hardness of dual-curing cement (p < 0.01). No significant differences were reported for post space region. A significant interaction was found among the analyzed factors (p < 0.01). Significance: 120 s light-curing time is recommended in order to achieve optimal mechanical proprieties, independently from post space region and cyclic fatigue. As matter of fact, 120 s light-curing allowed to prevent strain hardening induced by the fatigue simulation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2948017