Carbon capture is amongst the key emerging technologies for the mitigation of greenhouse gases (GHG) pollution. Several materials as adsorbents for CO2 and other gases are being developed,which often involve using complex and expensive fabrication techniques. In this work, we suggest a sound, easy and cheap route for the production of nitrogen-doped carbon materials for CO2 capture by pyrolysis of electrospun poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN) fibers. PAN fibers are generally processed following specific heat treatments involving up to three steps (to get complete graphitization), one of these being stabilization, during which PAN fibers are oxidized and stretched in the 200–300 °C temperature range. The effect of stabilization temperature on the chemical structure of the carbon nanofibers is investigated herein to ascertain the possible implication of incomplete conversion/condensation of nitrile groups to form pyridine moieties on the CO2 adsorption capacity. The materials were tested in the pure CO2 atmosphere at 20 °C achieving 18.3% of maximum weight increase (equivalent to an uptake of 4.16 mmol g-1), proving the effectiveness of a high stabilization temperature as route for the improvement of CO2 uptake.
Effect of Thermal Stabilization on PAN-Derived Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers for CO2 Capture / Maruccia, Elisa; Ferrari, Stefania; Bartoli, Mattia; Lucherini, Lorenzo; Meligrana, Giuseppina; Pirri, Candido F.; Saracco, Guido; Gerbaldi, Claudio. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - STAMPA. - 13:23(2021), p. 4197. [10.3390/polym13234197]
|Titolo:||Effect of Thermal Stabilization on PAN-Derived Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers for CO2 Capture|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym13234197|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|