The aim of this work is to study the effect of the presence of different monovalent ions (Na+, NH4+ and K+) on the nucleation and growth rates of CaCO3 precipitation. There is currently great interest in the precipitation of CaCO3 particles reusing CO2 rich flue gases and calcium-rich wastes, which implies the presence of foreign ions that can affect the crystallization process. Unseeded and seeded tests were carried out in a batch system to estimate the nucleation and growth kinetics, respectively. Tests with Na2CO3 and CaCl2 as precursors led to the classical calcite crystallization mechanism via vaterite formation at high supersaturations. On the other hand, the use of (NH4)2CO3 entailed lower pH and the presence of NH4+, which stabilized the vaterite and avoided its transformation into stable calcite crystals. Thus, faster nucleation kinetics by using Na2CO3 were obtained. To estimate the growth rate, tests with two initial seed loadings and types (micro and nano seed) were performed. The growth rate increased with the crystal size and decreased with the magma density. The results indicate that the ion effect on the growth rate seems to be related to the ionic radius of the foreign ion.
Nucleation and growth kinetics of CaCO3 crystals in the presence of foreign monovalent ions / Liendo, Freddy; Arduino, Mara; Deorsola, Fabio A.; Bensaid, Samir. - In: JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH. - ISSN 0022-0248. - ELETTRONICO. - 578:(2022), p. 126406. [10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2021.126406]
|Titolo:||Nucleation and growth kinetics of CaCO3 crystals in the presence of foreign monovalent ions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2022|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2021.126406|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|