Rock failure during tunnel excavation is still a matter of concern. The influence of groundwater is generally taken into account along discontinuities or in “soil-like” formations. However, brittle saturated porous rocks can be subject to undrained conditions during tunnel excavation. Negative effective stresses develop close to the tunnel boundary. This study aims at identifying a limit pore pressure in the rock around the tunnel, which induces failure in the tension zone. A discussion related to the strength parameters in the tension zone, with the Hoek and Brown criterion, is pre-sented. A comparative analysis with different far-field stresses and rock properties indicates that the limit pore pressure decreases with the depth of the tunnel. The limit pore pressure is directly proportional to the uniaxial compressive strength and inversely proportional to the constant m. When the uniaxial compressive strength is close to the state of stress around the tunnel, the role of m reduces. Numerical models set up with FLAC indicate that the tension zone around the tunnel has a thickness of about 1 m. Due to uncertainties in the far-field stresses, hydro-mechanical be-havior, and properties of the rock, the tension zone requires a careful investigation, in order to avoid stability problems.

Failure in the Tension Zone around a Circular Tunnel Excavated in Saturated Porous Rock / Deangeli, Chiara. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:18(2021), p. 8384. [10.3390/app11188384]

Failure in the Tension Zone around a Circular Tunnel Excavated in Saturated Porous Rock

Deangeli, Chiara
2021

Abstract

Rock failure during tunnel excavation is still a matter of concern. The influence of groundwater is generally taken into account along discontinuities or in “soil-like” formations. However, brittle saturated porous rocks can be subject to undrained conditions during tunnel excavation. Negative effective stresses develop close to the tunnel boundary. This study aims at identifying a limit pore pressure in the rock around the tunnel, which induces failure in the tension zone. A discussion related to the strength parameters in the tension zone, with the Hoek and Brown criterion, is pre-sented. A comparative analysis with different far-field stresses and rock properties indicates that the limit pore pressure decreases with the depth of the tunnel. The limit pore pressure is directly proportional to the uniaxial compressive strength and inversely proportional to the constant m. When the uniaxial compressive strength is close to the state of stress around the tunnel, the role of m reduces. Numerical models set up with FLAC indicate that the tension zone around the tunnel has a thickness of about 1 m. Due to uncertainties in the far-field stresses, hydro-mechanical be-havior, and properties of the rock, the tension zone requires a careful investigation, in order to avoid stability problems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2923132