Energy system models for the analysis of future scenarios are mainly driven by the set of energy service demands that define the broad outlines of socio-economic development throughout the model time horizon. Here, the long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the drivers of the industrial production in six energy-intensive subsectors are addressed using Vector AutoRegressive models. The model results are computed either considering or not considering the effects of the pandemic. The comparison to established pre-pandemic trends allows for validating the robustness of the selected model. The anticipated effect of the pandemic to 2040 shows a long-term reduction by 3% to 10%, according to the different subsector, in the industrial energy service demand. When the computed service demands are used as input to the TIMES-Italy model, which shows good capability to reproduce the energy consumption of the industrial sectors in the period 2006–2020, the impact of the pandemic on energy consumption forecasts can be assessed in a business-as-usual scenario. The results show how the long-term effects of the shock caused by the pandemic could lead, by 2040, to a total industrial energy consumption 5% lower than what was foreseen before the pandemic, while the energy mix remains almost unchanged.
Projection of Post-Pandemic Italian Industrial Production through Vector AutoRegressive Models / Oliva, Antonio; Gracceva, Francesco; Lerede, Daniele; Nicoli, Matteo; Savoldi, Laura. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - 14:17(2021), p. 5458. [10.3390/en14175458]
|Titolo:||Projection of Post-Pandemic Italian Industrial Production through Vector AutoRegressive Models|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en14175458|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|