Alternative treatment strategies are necessary to reduce the severity of glaucoma, a group of eye conditions that progressively damage the optic nerve and impair vision. The aim of this review is to gain insight into potentially exploitable molecular mechanisms to slow down the death of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), a fundamental element in the pathophysiology of all forms of glaucoma, and to stimulate adult optic nerve repair. For this purpose, we focus our analysis on both visible and far-red to near-infrared light photobiomodulation (PBM) as phototherapeutic agents, which were recently proposed in RGCs, and on the nerve lamina region neural progenitor cell (ONLR-NPC) niche. Both are suggested as potential strategies in glaucoma neuroprotection. We discuss the impact of beneficial molecular effects of PBM on both mitochondrial derangement and the alteration of ion fluxes that are considered important causes of RGC damage, as well as on the stimulation of progenitor cells. We suggest these are the most promising approaches to prevent excessive neuronal cell loss. We describe the experimental evidence supporting the validity of PBM therapy which, despite being a safe, non-invasive, inexpensive, and easy to administer procedure, has not yet been fully explored in the clinical practice of glaucoma treatment.
The Potential of Visible and Far-Red to Near-Infrared Light in Glaucoma Neuroprotection / Bergandi, L.; Silvagno, F.; Grisolia, Giulia; Ponzetto, A.; Rapetti, E.; Astori, M.; Vercesi, A.; Lucia, Umberto. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - STAMPA. - 11(2021), pp. 5872-5883. [https://doi.org/10.3390/app11135872]
|Titolo:||The Potential of Visible and Far-Red to Near-Infrared Light in Glaucoma Neuroprotection|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||https://doi.org/10.3390/app11135872|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|