A marked interest has recently emerged regarding the analysis of the wall shear stress (WSS) vector field topological skeleton in cardiovascular flows. Based on dynamical system theory, the WSS topological skeleton is composed of fixed points, i.e., focal points where WSS locally vanishes, and unstable/stable manifolds, consisting of contraction/expansion regions linking fixed points. Such an interest arises from its ability to reflect the presence of near-wall hemodynamic features associated with the onset and progression of vascular diseases. Over the years, Lagrangian-based and Eulerianbased post-processing techniques have been proposed aiming at identifying the topological skeleton features of the WSS. Here, the theoretical and methodological bases supporting the Lagrangian- and Eulerian-based methods currently used in the literature are reported and discussed, highlighting their application to cardiovascular flows. The final aim is to promote the use of WSS topological skeleton analysis in hemodynamic applications and to encourage its application in future mechanobiology studies in order to increase the chance of elucidating the mechanistic links between blood flow disturbances, vascular disease, and clinical observations.
Wall shear stress topological skeleton analysis in cardiovascular flows: Methods and applications / Mazzi, Valentina; Morbiducci, Umberto; Calo', Karol; De Nisco, Giuseppe; Lodi Rizzini, Maurizio; Torta, Elena; Caridi, Giuseppe Carlo Alp; Chiastra, Claudio; Gallo, Diego. - In: MATHEMATICS. - ISSN 2227-7390. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:7(2021), p. 720.
|Titolo:||Wall shear stress topological skeleton analysis in cardiovascular flows: Methods and applications|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/math9070720|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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