This article reports on the first demonstration of in situ, real-time dosimetry realized with an enhanced backscatttering optical fiber, and a high resolution optical backscattering reflectometry measurement. This work is devised to overcome the current problems in monitoring radiotherapy treatments, in particular, the difficult evaluation of not only the actual X-ray dose that is accumulated on the target volume but also the distribution profile of the ionizing radiation beam. Overall, the research aims at developing a dose sensor with the most demanding features of small form factor, spatial profiling, and remote interrogation. The experiments have been conducted by evaluating the spatial profile of radiation-induced spectral shift of the Rayleigh backscattering along an optical fiber exposed to X-rays. The sensing element is a section of specialty optical fiber whose Rayleigh backscattering signature changes under ionizing radiation. The specialty fiber is designed to exhibit an enhanced backscattering, in order to overcome the poor sensitivity to radiation of standard optical fibers that are normally, used in telecommunications. The enhanced sensitivity is achieved by doping the core with either aluminum or magnesium nanoparticles, and two different fibers have been fabricated and tested. The experimental results show the capability of real time detection of the radiation profile from high-dose rates (700 Gy/min) to low-dose rates (2 Gy/min). Moreover, different sensing mechanisms and responses to high- and low-dose rates are evidenced. A comparison with a quasi-distributed sensing system based on an array of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) is discussed, highlighting the superior performance of the backscattering approach in terms of sensitivity and spatial resolution, whereas the array of FBGs exhibits an advantage in terms of sampling speed.

Distributed X-ray dosimetry with optical fibers by Optical Frequency Domain Interferometry / Olivero, Massimo; Mirigaldi, Alessandro; Serafini, Valentina; Vallan, Alberto; Perrone, Guido; Blanc, Wilfried; Benabdesselam, Mourad; Mady, Franck; Molardi, Carlo; Tosi, Daniele. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT. - ISSN 0018-9456. - ELETTRONICO. - 70:(2021), pp. 1-9. [10.1109/TIM.2021.3075518]

Distributed X-ray dosimetry with optical fibers by Optical Frequency Domain Interferometry

Olivero, Massimo;Mirigaldi, Alessandro;Serafini, Valentina;Vallan, Alberto;Perrone, Guido;Tosi, Daniele
2021

Abstract

This article reports on the first demonstration of in situ, real-time dosimetry realized with an enhanced backscatttering optical fiber, and a high resolution optical backscattering reflectometry measurement. This work is devised to overcome the current problems in monitoring radiotherapy treatments, in particular, the difficult evaluation of not only the actual X-ray dose that is accumulated on the target volume but also the distribution profile of the ionizing radiation beam. Overall, the research aims at developing a dose sensor with the most demanding features of small form factor, spatial profiling, and remote interrogation. The experiments have been conducted by evaluating the spatial profile of radiation-induced spectral shift of the Rayleigh backscattering along an optical fiber exposed to X-rays. The sensing element is a section of specialty optical fiber whose Rayleigh backscattering signature changes under ionizing radiation. The specialty fiber is designed to exhibit an enhanced backscattering, in order to overcome the poor sensitivity to radiation of standard optical fibers that are normally, used in telecommunications. The enhanced sensitivity is achieved by doping the core with either aluminum or magnesium nanoparticles, and two different fibers have been fabricated and tested. The experimental results show the capability of real time detection of the radiation profile from high-dose rates (700 Gy/min) to low-dose rates (2 Gy/min). Moreover, different sensing mechanisms and responses to high- and low-dose rates are evidenced. A comparison with a quasi-distributed sensing system based on an array of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) is discussed, highlighting the superior performance of the backscattering approach in terms of sensitivity and spatial resolution, whereas the array of FBGs exhibits an advantage in terms of sampling speed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2901332