In the NUMEN Experiment, Double Charge Exchange (DCE) reactions will be studied to get very precise measurements of their cross sections and final state levels. The interest for these reactions lies in the possibility for some nuclides to have DCE with initial and final states identical to those of the Neutrinoless Double β-Decay. To reach a good precision in the energy measurements, high statistics is needed and severe constraints about the target thickness must be satisfied. A 50 μA intense ion beam will provide the desired statistics, while posing the problem of dissipating the massive heat generated in the target. It is therefore necessary to design a suitable cooling system, which must affect the particles' energy as little as possible. Said energy is already influenced by the current setup. The Superconducting Cyclotron (SC) and the MAGNEX Spectrometer introduce an error on the particles' energy by 1/1000th (FWHM value) of its average energy. In the target, the main sources of error are straggling of projectiles and reaction products, and the dispersion effect. Both closely depend on the target thickness, which must be of the order of few hundred nanometres. In addition, the two effects are worsened if the target thickness is not uniform. The solution to these problems has been found by backing the target isotope with relatively thin substrate of Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite (HOPG). Its thermodynamic properties fit the cooling requirements and can be as thin as 450 μg cm-2. The further straggling suffered by the ejectiles is tolerable, falling within the resolution requirements. Samples are deposited by using Electron Beam Evaporation: results obtained for Sn and Te are checked by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). A quantitative evaluation of the samples' thickness has been performed by Alpha-Particle Transmission (APT) and Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS) measurements. A Monte Carlo code has been implemented to estimate the ejectiles energy distribution using the experimental measurements as input. Results from characterization and simulations help in optimizing the target thickness and the energy resolution of reaction products.
Evaluation of target non-uniformity and dispersion effects on energy measurement resolution in NUMEN experiment / Pinna, F.; Calvo, D.; Campostrini, M.; Capirossi, V.; Delaunay, F.; Fisichella, M.; Iazzi, F.; Rigato, V.. - In: PHYSICA SCRIPTA. - ISSN 0031-8949. - 95:9(2020), p. 094002.
|Titolo:||Evaluation of target non-uniformity and dispersion effects on energy measurement resolution in NUMEN experiment|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1402-4896/aba779|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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