When a parameter quench is performed in an isolated quantum system with a complete set of constants of motion, its When a parameter quench is performed in an isolated quantum system with a complete set of constants of motion, its out of equilibrium dynamics is considered to be well captured by the Generalized Gibbs Ensemble (GGE), characterized by a set {lambda(alpha)} of coefficients related to the constants of motion. We determine the most elementary GGE deviation from the equilibrium distribution that leads to detectable effects. By quenching a suitable local attractive potential in a one-dimensional electron system, the resulting GGE differs from equilibrium by only one single lambda(alpha), corresponding to the emergence of an only partially occupied bound state lying below a fully occupied continuum of states. The effect is shown to induce optical gain, i.e., a negative peak in the absorption spectrum, indicating the stimulated emission of radiation, enabling one to identify GGE signatures in fermionic systems through optical measurements. We discuss the implementation in realistic setups.

Signature of Generalized Gibbs Ensemble Deviation from Equilibrium: Negative Absorption Induced by a Local Quench / Rossi, Lorenzo; Dolcini, Fabrizio; Cavaliere, Fabio; Traverso Ziani, Niccolò; Sassetti, Maura; Rossi, Fausto. - In: ENTROPY. - ISSN 1099-4300. - STAMPA. - 23:2(2021), p. 220. [10.3390/e23020220]

Signature of Generalized Gibbs Ensemble Deviation from Equilibrium: Negative Absorption Induced by a Local Quench

Rossi, Lorenzo;Dolcini, Fabrizio;Rossi, Fausto
2021

Abstract

When a parameter quench is performed in an isolated quantum system with a complete set of constants of motion, its When a parameter quench is performed in an isolated quantum system with a complete set of constants of motion, its out of equilibrium dynamics is considered to be well captured by the Generalized Gibbs Ensemble (GGE), characterized by a set {lambda(alpha)} of coefficients related to the constants of motion. We determine the most elementary GGE deviation from the equilibrium distribution that leads to detectable effects. By quenching a suitable local attractive potential in a one-dimensional electron system, the resulting GGE differs from equilibrium by only one single lambda(alpha), corresponding to the emergence of an only partially occupied bound state lying below a fully occupied continuum of states. The effect is shown to induce optical gain, i.e., a negative peak in the absorption spectrum, indicating the stimulated emission of radiation, enabling one to identify GGE signatures in fermionic systems through optical measurements. We discuss the implementation in realistic setups.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2886891