In this work, we investigate the sensitivity of a family of multi-task Deep Neural Networks (DNN) trained to predict fluxes through given Discrete Fracture Networks (DFNs), stochastically varying the fracture transmissivities. In particular, detailed performance and reliability analyses of more than two hundred Neural Networks (NN) are performed, training the models on sets of an increasing number of numerical simulations made on several DFNs with two fixed geometries (158 fractures and 385 fractures) and different transmissibility configurations. A quantitative evaluation of the trained NN predictions is proposed, and rules fitting the observed behavior are provided to predict the number of training simulations that are required for a given accuracy with respect to the variability in the stochastic distribution of the fracture transmissivities. A rule for estimating the cardinality of the training dataset for different configurations is proposed. From the analysis performed, an interesting regularity of the NN behaviors is observed, despite the stochasticity that imbues the whole training process. The proposed approach can be relevant for the use of deep learning models as model reduction methods in the framework of uncertainty quantification analysis for fracture networks and can be extended to similar geological problems (for example, to the more complex discrete fracture matrix models). The results of this study have the potential to grant concrete advantages to real underground flow characterization problems, making computational costs less expensive through the use of NNs.
Performance Analysis of Multi-Task Deep Learning Models for Flux Regression in Discrete Fracture Networks / Berrone, Stefano; Della Santa, Francesco. - In: GEOSCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3263. - 11:3(2021), pp. 1-24. [10.3390/geosciences11030131]
|Titolo:||Performance Analysis of Multi-Task Deep Learning Models for Flux Regression in Discrete Fracture Networks|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geosciences11030131|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|