Poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA)/graphene nanoplatelets (GnP) nanocomposites were prepared through solvent casting and coagulation methods. The better dispersion of graphene was achieved by ultrasounds and its effect on crystallinity, thermomechanical and electrical properties of PLLA were studied and compared in both methods. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to investigate the crystallinity of PLLA and its composites. Field emission gun scanning electron microscope (FEG-SEM) and wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) were employed to characterize the microstructure of PLLA crystallites. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) was performed to study the thermomechanical properties of the nanocomposites. FEG-SEM images illustrated finer dispersion of GnP in samples obtained by coagulation method with respect to solvent casting method. Graphene imparted higher electrical conductivity to nanocomposites obtained by solvent casting under ultrasound due to better formation of graphene network. DSC thermograms and their resulting data showed positive effects of GnP on crystallization kinetics of PLLA in both methods enhanced by the nucleating effect of graphene particles. Meanwhile, the effect of GnP, as nucleating agent, was more prominent in samples produced by coagulation method without utilization of ultrasounds. WAXS patterns represented the same characteristic peaks of PLLA in nanocomposite specimens suggesting similar crystalline structure of PLLA in presence of graphene, and the intensified peaks of nanocomposites compared to neat PLLA confirmed the DSC results regarding its improved crystallinity. Graphene increased storage modulus in rubbery region and glass transition temperature of nanocomposites in the coagulation method due to restricted mobility of PLLA chains.

Graphene nanoplatelets dispersion in poly(l-lactic acid): preparation method and its influence on electrical, crystallinity and thermomechanical properties / Lashgari, S.; Karrabi, M.; Ghasemi, I.; Azizi, H.; Messori, M.. - In: IRANIAN POLYMER JOURNAL. - ISSN 1026-1265. - 25:2(2016), pp. 193-202. [10.1007/s13726-015-0413-5]

Graphene nanoplatelets dispersion in poly(l-lactic acid): preparation method and its influence on electrical, crystallinity and thermomechanical properties

Messori M.
2016

Abstract

Poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA)/graphene nanoplatelets (GnP) nanocomposites were prepared through solvent casting and coagulation methods. The better dispersion of graphene was achieved by ultrasounds and its effect on crystallinity, thermomechanical and electrical properties of PLLA were studied and compared in both methods. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to investigate the crystallinity of PLLA and its composites. Field emission gun scanning electron microscope (FEG-SEM) and wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) were employed to characterize the microstructure of PLLA crystallites. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) was performed to study the thermomechanical properties of the nanocomposites. FEG-SEM images illustrated finer dispersion of GnP in samples obtained by coagulation method with respect to solvent casting method. Graphene imparted higher electrical conductivity to nanocomposites obtained by solvent casting under ultrasound due to better formation of graphene network. DSC thermograms and their resulting data showed positive effects of GnP on crystallization kinetics of PLLA in both methods enhanced by the nucleating effect of graphene particles. Meanwhile, the effect of GnP, as nucleating agent, was more prominent in samples produced by coagulation method without utilization of ultrasounds. WAXS patterns represented the same characteristic peaks of PLLA in nanocomposite specimens suggesting similar crystalline structure of PLLA in presence of graphene, and the intensified peaks of nanocomposites compared to neat PLLA confirmed the DSC results regarding its improved crystallinity. Graphene increased storage modulus in rubbery region and glass transition temperature of nanocomposites in the coagulation method due to restricted mobility of PLLA chains.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2879104