CaCO3nanoparticles as filler have received considerable attention for the mechanical improvement that they provide to cements. However, their life-cycle impact on the environment remains almost unexplored, even if the cement industry is considered one of the largest CO2emitters. In this perspective, this research work assessed a novel method for using CO2from cement flue gases to produce nanoCaCO3as cement filler within the cradle to cradle thinking. For this purpose, two routes of CO2capture were assessed followed by the study of the synthesis of CaCO3through a mineral carbonation. Three scenarios for the synthesis of CaCO3nanoparticles were assessed targeting the use of waste or by-products as raw materials and recirculation of them to reduce any kind of emission. The three scenarios were evaluated by means of the Life Cycle Assessment methodology. Once the best considered route for nanoCaCO3production was determined, this research work examined the environmental effect of including 2 wt% of CaCO3nanoparticles into the cement. Closing the loop follows a circular economy approach since the CO2is captured within the same cement factory. The results were compared with conventional Portland cement. Regarding nanoCaCO3results, the scenario with simultaneous production of NH4Cl, and using as calcium source CaCl2deriving from the soda ash Solvay process, proved to be the best option. Moreover, when cement was filled with 2 wt% of this nanoCaCO3, the benefit in terms of emission reductions in the Climate Change category was higher than 60 % compared to the conventional Portland cement.
Recycling CO2 from flue gas for CaCO3 nanoparticles production as cement filler: A Life Cycle Assessment / Batuecas, Esperanza; Liendo, Freddy; Tommasi, Tonia; Bensaid, Samir; Deorsola, Fabio Alessandro; Fino, Debora. - In: JOURNAL OF CO2 UTILIZATION. - ISSN 2212-9820. - STAMPA. - 45(2021), p. 101446. [10.1016/j.jcou.2021.101446]
|Titolo:||Recycling CO2 from flue gas for CaCO3 nanoparticles production as cement filler: A Life Cycle Assessment|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcou.2021.101446|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|