We illustrate how, contrary to common belief, transient Fluctuation Relations (FRs) for systems in constant external magnetic field hold without the inversion of the field. Building on previous work providing generalized time-reversal symmetries for systems in parallel external magnetic and electric fields, we observe that the standard proof of these important nonequilibrium properties can be fully reinstated in the presence of net dissipation. This generalizes recent results for the FRs in orthogonal fields-an interesting but less commonly investigated geometry-and enables direct comparison with existing literature. We also present for the first time a numerical demonstration of the validity of the transient FRs with nonzero magnetic field via nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of a realistic model of liquid NaCl.

Fluctuation relations for dissipative systems in constant external magnetic field: Theory and molecular dynamics simulations / Coretti, A.; Rondoni, L.; Bonella, S.. - In: ENTROPY. - ISSN 1099-4300. - STAMPA. - 23:2(2021), pp. 1-17. [10.3390/e23020146]

Fluctuation relations for dissipative systems in constant external magnetic field: Theory and molecular dynamics simulations

Coretti A.;Rondoni L.;
2021

Abstract

We illustrate how, contrary to common belief, transient Fluctuation Relations (FRs) for systems in constant external magnetic field hold without the inversion of the field. Building on previous work providing generalized time-reversal symmetries for systems in parallel external magnetic and electric fields, we observe that the standard proof of these important nonequilibrium properties can be fully reinstated in the presence of net dissipation. This generalizes recent results for the FRs in orthogonal fields-an interesting but less commonly investigated geometry-and enables direct comparison with existing literature. We also present for the first time a numerical demonstration of the validity of the transient FRs with nonzero magnetic field via nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of a realistic model of liquid NaCl.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2875965