Energy companies in the power generation field are continuously searching for green technologies to reduce pollutant emissions. In that context, small hydropower plants represent an attractive solution for distributed electricity generation. Reverse-running centrifugal pumps (also known as “pump-as-turbines,” PaT) are increasingly selected in that field. Amongst the existing type of pumps, drag-type regenerative pumps (RP) can perform similarly to radial centrifugal pumps in terms of head and efficiency for low specific speed values. For a fixed rotational speed, RPs with linear blades work as pumps or turbines only depending on the flow rate. Such peculiarity makes it particularly intriguing to evaluate RPs working characteristics in the turbine operating mode. In this paper, the performance of three regenerative pump-as-turbines (RPaT) is analyzed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The numerical approach is validated using experimental data for both an RP (in the pump working region) and a regenerative turbine (RT) (in the turbine working region). Finally, the numerical simulation of a small-scale RP allows for characterizing both the pump and the turbine regions. Results show that for an RPaT it is possible to find a “switch region” where the machine turns from behaving as a pump to behaving as a turbine, the losses not being overcome by the turbine power output. The analysis of the RPaT also shows the inversion of the flow pattern and the constant positioning of the pivot around which the flow creates the typical helical structure that characterizes RPs.
Numerical Characterization of the Performance Curve of a Regenerative Pump-as-Turbine / Cantini, Giulio; Salvadori, Simone. - In: JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. - ISSN 0742-4795. - ELETTRONICO. - 143:5(2021), pp. 1-9. [10.1115/1.4050156]
|Titolo:||Numerical Characterization of the Performance Curve of a Regenerative Pump-as-Turbine|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4050156|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|