This paper proposes a Hybrid Microgrid (HµG) model including distributed generation (DG) and a hydrogen-based storage system, controlled through a tailored control strategy. The HµG is composed of three DG units, two of them supplied by solar and wind sources, and the latter one based on the exploitation of the Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) technology. Furthermore, the system includes an alkaline electrolyser, which is used as a responsive load to balance the excess of Variable Renewable Energy Sources (VRES) production, and to produce the hydrogen that will be stored into the hydrogen tank and that will be used to supply the fuel cell in case of lack of generation. The main objectives of this work are to present a validated dynamic model for every component of the HµG and to provide a strategy to reduce as much as possible the power absorption from the grid by exploiting the VRES production. The alkaline electrolyser and PEM fuel cell models are validated through real measurements. The State of Charge (SoC) of the hydrogen tank is adjusted through an adaptive scheme. Furthermore, the designed supervisor power control allows reducing the power exchange and improving the system stability. Finally, a case, considering a summer load profile measured in an electrical substation of Politecnico di Torino, is presented. The results demonstrates the advantages of a hydrogen-based micro-grid, where the hydrogen is used as medium to store the energy produced by photovoltaic and wind systems, with the aim to improve the self-sufficiency of the system.

Modelling and Control of a Grid-Connected RES-Hydrogen Hybrid Microgrid / Esteban Villa Londono, Jonny; Mazza, Andrea; Pons, Enrico; Lok, Harm; Bompard, ETTORE FRANCESCO. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:6(2021), p. 1540. [10.3390/en14061540]

Modelling and Control of a Grid-Connected RES-Hydrogen Hybrid Microgrid

Andrea Mazza;Enrico Pons;Ettore Bompard
2021

Abstract

This paper proposes a Hybrid Microgrid (HµG) model including distributed generation (DG) and a hydrogen-based storage system, controlled through a tailored control strategy. The HµG is composed of three DG units, two of them supplied by solar and wind sources, and the latter one based on the exploitation of the Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) technology. Furthermore, the system includes an alkaline electrolyser, which is used as a responsive load to balance the excess of Variable Renewable Energy Sources (VRES) production, and to produce the hydrogen that will be stored into the hydrogen tank and that will be used to supply the fuel cell in case of lack of generation. The main objectives of this work are to present a validated dynamic model for every component of the HµG and to provide a strategy to reduce as much as possible the power absorption from the grid by exploiting the VRES production. The alkaline electrolyser and PEM fuel cell models are validated through real measurements. The State of Charge (SoC) of the hydrogen tank is adjusted through an adaptive scheme. Furthermore, the designed supervisor power control allows reducing the power exchange and improving the system stability. Finally, a case, considering a summer load profile measured in an electrical substation of Politecnico di Torino, is presented. The results demonstrates the advantages of a hydrogen-based micro-grid, where the hydrogen is used as medium to store the energy produced by photovoltaic and wind systems, with the aim to improve the self-sufficiency of the system.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2875211