Rare earth elements (REEs) and their compounds are essential for rapidly developing modern technologies. These materials are especially critical in the area of green/sustainable energy; however, only very high-purity fractions are appropriate for these applications. Yet, achieving efficient REE separation and purification in an economically and environmentally effective way remains a challenge. Moreover, current extraction technologies often generate large amounts of undesirable wastes. In that perspective, the development of selective, reusable, and extremely efficient sorbents is needed. Among numerous ligands used in the liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) process, the diglycolamide-based (DGA) ligands play a leading role. Although these ligands display notable extraction performance in the liquid phase, their extractive chemistry is not widely studied when such ligands are tethered to a solid support. A detailed understanding of the relationship between chemical structure and function (i.e., extraction selectivity) at the molecular level is still missing although it is a key factor for the development of advanced sorbents with tailored selectivity. Herein, a series of functionalized mesoporous silica (KIT-6) solid phases were investigated as sorbents for the selective extraction of REEs. To better understand the extraction behavior of these sorbents, different spectroscopic techniques (solid-state NMR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, XPS, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, FT-IR) were implemented. The obtained spectroscopic results provide useful insights into the chemical environment and reactivity of the chelating ligand anchored on the KIT-6 support. Furthermore, it can be suggested that depending on the extracted metal and/or structure of the ligand and its attachment to KIT-6, different functional groups (i.e., C= O, N-H, or silanols) act as the main adsorption centers and preferentially capture targeted elements, which in turn may be associated with the different selectivity of the synthesized sorbents. Thus, by determining how metals interact with different supports, we aim to better understand the solid-phase extraction process of hybrid (organo)silica sorbents and design better extraction materials.
Understanding Selectivity of Mesoporous Silica-Grafted Diglycolamide-Type Ligands in the Solid-Phase Extraction of Rare Earths / Florek, J.; Lariviere, D.; Kahlig, H.; Fiorilli, S. L.; Onida, B.; Fontaine, F. -G.; Kleitz, F.. - In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES. - ISSN 1944-8244. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:51(2020), pp. 57003-57016.
|Titolo:||Understanding Selectivity of Mesoporous Silica-Grafted Diglycolamide-Type Ligands in the Solid-Phase Extraction of Rare Earths|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c16282|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|