Signal Processing is, arguably, the fundamental enabling technology for vibration-based Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), which includes damage detection and more advanced tasks. However, the investigation of real-life vibration measurements is quite compelling. For a better understanding of its dynamic behaviour, a multi-degree-of-freedom system should be efficiently decomposed into its independent components. However, the target structure may be affected by (damage-related or not) nonlinearities, which appear as noise-like distortions in its vibrational response. This response can be nonstationary as well and thus requires a time-frequency analysis. Adaptive mode decomposition methods are the most apt strategy under these circumstances. Here, a shortlist of three well-established algorithms has been selected for an in-depth analysis. These signal decomposition approaches—namely, the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD), the Hilbert Vibration Decomposition (HVD), and the Variational Mode Decomposition (VMD)—are deemed to be the most representative ones because of their extensive use and favourable reception from the research community. The main aspects and properties of these data-adaptive methods, as well as their advantages, limitations, and drawbacks, are discussed and compared. Then, the potentialities of the three algorithms are assessed firstly on a numerical case study and then on a well-known experimental benchmark, including nonlinear cases and nonstationary signals.
A Comparative Analysis of Signal Decomposition Techniques for Structural Health Monitoring on an Experimental Benchmark / Civera, Marco; Surace, Cecilia. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - ELETTRONICO. - 21:5(2021), pp. 1-35. [10.3390/s21051825]
|Titolo:||A Comparative Analysis of Signal Decomposition Techniques for Structural Health Monitoring on an Experimental Benchmark|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s21051825|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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