The nonsolvent induced phase separation (NIPS) method for ultrafiltration (UF) membrane fabrication relies on the extensive use of traditional solvents, thus ranking first in terms of ecological impacts among all the membrane fabrication steps. Methyl-5-(dimethylamino)-2-methyl-5-oxopentanoate (PolarClean), as a green solvent, was utilized in this study to fabricate poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) UF membranes. Subsequently, in post-treatment process, zwitterionic polymer, [2-(methacryloyloxy) ethyl] dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl) ammonium hydroxide (DMAPS), was grafted onto the membrane surface to enhance its anti-fouling properties using a greener surface-initiated activator regenerated by electron transfer-atom transfer radical polymerization (ARGET-ATRP) reaction. This novel method used low toxicity chemicals, avoiding the environmental hazards of traditional ATRP, and greatly improving the reaction efficiency. We systematically studied the grafting time effect on the resulted membranes using sodium alginate as the foulant, and found that short grafting time (30 min) achieved excellent membrane performance: pure water permeability of 2872 L m−2 h−1 bar−1, flux recovery ratio of 86.4% after 7-hour fouling test, and foulant rejection of 96.0%. This work discusses for the first time the greener procedures with lower environmental impacts in both fabrication and modification processes of PVC UF membranes.
Green and sustainable method of manufacturing anti-fouling zwitterionic polymers-modified poly(vinyl chloride) ultrafiltration membranes / Xie, W.; Tiraferri, A.; Ji, X.; Chen, C.; Bai, Y.; Crittenden, J. C.; Liu, B.. - In: JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-9797. - 591(2021), pp. 343-351.
|Titolo:||Green and sustainable method of manufacturing anti-fouling zwitterionic polymers-modified poly(vinyl chloride) ultrafiltration membranes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2021.01.107|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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