Continuous ambient seismic monitoring of potentially unstable sites is increasingly attracting the attention of researchers for precursor recognition and early warning purposes. Twelve cases of long-term continuous noise monitoring have been reported in the literature between 2012 and 2020. Only in a few cases rupture was achieved and irreversible drops in resonance frequency values or shear wave velocity extracted from noise recordings were documented. On the other hand, all monitored sites showed clear reversible fluctuations of the seismic parameters on a daily and seasonal scale due to changes in external weather conditions (air temperature and precipitation). A quantitative comparison of these reversible modifications is used to gain insight into the mechanisms driving the site seismic response. Six possible mechanisms were identified, including three temperature-driven mechanisms (temperature control on fracture opening/closing, superficial stress conditions and bulk rigidity), one precipitation-driven mechanism (water infiltration effect) and two mechanisms sensitive to both temperature and precipitation (ice formation and clay behavior). The reversible variations in seismic parameters under the meteorological constraints are synthesized and compared to the irreversible changes observed prior to failure in different geological conditions.
Seismic noise parameters as indicators of reversible modifications in slope stability: a review / Colombero, C.; Jongmans, D.; Fiolleau, S.; Valentin, J.; Baillet, L.; Bièvre, G.. - In: SURVEYS IN GEOPHYSICS. - ISSN 0169-3298. - (2021). [10.1007/s10712-021-09632-w]
|Titolo:||Seismic noise parameters as indicators of reversible modifications in slope stability: a review|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10712-021-09632-w|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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