In view of the large neutron fluence expected in a fusion power plant, the maintenance of the in-vessel components (IVC) must be carried out using Remote Handling (RH); however, before the RH robots can intervene, the temperature of the IVCs must be reduced, so a cooldown phase is required after the reactor shutdown before maintenance activities can start. In the EU DEMO two options are being investigated to cool down the Breeding Blanket (BB) structures before maintenance, namely introducing fans to pump air in forced convection in the plasma chamber (after opening the Vacuum Vessel), or letting the air at room temperature cool down the structures by natural convection; if the required downtime is acceptable, the second option is clearly preferred, as it would reduce the cost and complexity of the system. This work analyses the natural convection option via a 3D transient Computational Fluid-Dynamics (CFD) conjugate heat transfer model, to evaluate the required time to cool down the BB.

CFD analysis of natural convection cooling of the in-vessel components during a shutdown of the EU DEMO fusion reactor / Zappatore, Andrea; Froio, Antonio; Spagnuolo, Gandolfo Alessandro; Zanino, Roberto. - In: FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN. - ISSN 0920-3796. - STAMPA. - 165:(2021), p. 112252. [10.1016/j.fusengdes.2021.112252]

CFD analysis of natural convection cooling of the in-vessel components during a shutdown of the EU DEMO fusion reactor

Zappatore, Andrea;Froio, Antonio;Zanino, Roberto
2021

Abstract

In view of the large neutron fluence expected in a fusion power plant, the maintenance of the in-vessel components (IVC) must be carried out using Remote Handling (RH); however, before the RH robots can intervene, the temperature of the IVCs must be reduced, so a cooldown phase is required after the reactor shutdown before maintenance activities can start. In the EU DEMO two options are being investigated to cool down the Breeding Blanket (BB) structures before maintenance, namely introducing fans to pump air in forced convection in the plasma chamber (after opening the Vacuum Vessel), or letting the air at room temperature cool down the structures by natural convection; if the required downtime is acceptable, the second option is clearly preferred, as it would reduce the cost and complexity of the system. This work analyses the natural convection option via a 3D transient Computational Fluid-Dynamics (CFD) conjugate heat transfer model, to evaluate the required time to cool down the BB.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2869430