The energy performance certificate (EPC) is a document that certifies the average annual energy consumption of a building in standard conditions and allows it to be classified within a so-called energy class. In a period such as this, when greenhouse gas emissions are of considerable importance and where the objective is to improve energy security and reduce energy costs in our cities, energy certification has a key role to play. The proposed work aims to model and characterize residential buildings’ energy efficiency by exploring heterogeneous, geo-referenced data with different spatial and temporal granularity. The paper presents TUCANA (TUrin Certificates ANAlysis), an innovative data mining engine able to cover the whole analytics workflow for the analysis of the energy performance certificates, including cluster analysis and a model generalization step based on a novel spatial constrained K-NN, able to automatically characterize a broad set of buildings distributed across a major city and predict different energy-related features for new unseen buildings. The energy certificates analyzed in this work have been issued by the Piedmont Region (a northwest region of Italy) through open data. The results obtained on a large dataset are displayed in novel, dynamic, and interactive geospatial maps that can be consulted on a web application integrated into the system. The visualization tool provides transparent and human-readable knowledge to various stakeholders, thus supporting the decision-making process.
A data-driven energy platform: from energy performance certificates to human-readable knowledge through dynamic high-resolution geospatial maps / Cerquitelli, T.; Corso, E. D.; Proto, S.; Bethaz, P.; Mazzarelli, D.; Capozzoli, A.; Baralis, E.; Mellia, M.; Casagrande, S.; Tamburini, M.. - In: ELECTRONICS. - ISSN 2079-9292. - 9:12(2020), pp. 1-26. [10.3390/electronics9122132]
|Titolo:||A data-driven energy platform: from energy performance certificates to human-readable knowledge through dynamic high-resolution geospatial maps|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/electronics9122132|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|