Fludarabine is an anticancer antimetabolite essential for modern chemotherapy, but its efficacy is limited due to the complex pharmacokinetics. We demonstrated the potential use of maltose-modified poly(propyleneimine) dendrimer as drug delivery agent to improve the efficiency of therapy with fludarabine. In this study, we elaborated a novel synthesis technique for radioactively labeled fludarabine triphosphate to prove for the first time the direct ability of nucleotide-glycodendrimer complex to enter and kill leukemic cells, without the involvement of membrane nucleoside transporters and intracellular kinases. This will potentially allow to bypass the most common drug resistance mechanisms observed in the clinical setting. Further, we applied surface plasmon resonance and molecular modeling to elucidate the properties of the drug-dendrimer complexes. We showed that clofarabine, a more toxic nucleoside analogue drug, is characterized by significantly different molecular interactions with poly(propyleneimine) dendrimers than fludarabine, leading to different cellular outcomes (decreased rather than increased treatment efficiency). The most probable mechanistic explanation of uniquely dendrimer-enhanced fludarabine toxicity points to a crucial role of both an alternative cellular uptake pathway and the avoidance of intracellular phosphorylation of nucleoside drug form.
Fludarabine-Specific Molecular Interactions with Maltose-Modified Poly(propyleneimine) Dendrimer Enable Effective Cell Entry of the Active Drug Form: Comparison with Clofarabine / Gorzkiewicz, M.; Deriu, M. A.; Studzian, M.; Janaszewska, A.; Grasso, G.; Pulaski, L.; Appelhans, D.; Danani, A.; Klajnert-Maculewicz, B.. - In: BIOMACROMOLECULES. - ISSN 1525-7797. - 20:3(2019), pp. 1429-1442. [10.1021/acs.biomac.9b00010]
|Titolo:||Fludarabine-Specific Molecular Interactions with Maltose-Modified Poly(propyleneimine) Dendrimer Enable Effective Cell Entry of the Active Drug Form: Comparison with Clofarabine|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.9b00010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|