Speakers increase their vocal effort when their communication is disturbed by noise. This adaptation is termed the Lombard effect. The aim of the present study was to determine whether this effect has a starting point. Hence, the effects of noise at levels between 20 and 65 dB(A) on vocal effort (quantified by sound pressure level) and on both perceived noise disturbance and perceived vocal discomfort were evaluated. Results indicate that there is a Lombard effect change-point at a background noise level (Ln) of 43.3 dB(A). This change-point is anticipated by noise disturbance, and is followed by a high magnitude of vocal discomfort.
Evaluation of the starting point of the lombard effect / Bottalico, P.; Passione, I. I.; Graetzer, S.; Hunter, E. J.. - In: ACTA ACUSTICA UNITED WITH ACUSTICA. - ISSN 1610-1928. - 103:1(2017), pp. 169-172.
|Titolo:||Evaluation of the starting point of the lombard effect|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3813/AAA.919043|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|