To support national and global assessments of water use in agriculture, we build a comprehensive database of country-specific water footprint and virtual water trade (VWT) data for 370 agricultural goods. The water footprint, indicating the water needed for the production of a good including rainwater and water from surface water and groundwater bodies, is expressed as a volume per unit weight of the good (or unit water footprint, uWF) and is here estimated at the country scale for every year in the period 1961–2016. The uWF is also differentiated, where possible, between production and supply, referring to local production and to a weighted mean of local production and import, respectively. The VWT data, representing the amount of water needed for the production of a good and virtually exchanged with the international trade, are provided for each commodity as bilateral trade matrices, between origin and destination countries, for every year in the period 1986–2016. The database, developed within the CWASI project, improves upon earlier datasets because it takes into account the annual variability of the uWF of crops, it accounts for both produced and imported goods in the definition of the supply-side uWF, and it traces goods across the international trade up to the origin of goods’ production. The CWASI database is available on the Zenodo repository at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4606794 (Tamea et al., 2020), and it welcomes contributions and improvements from the research community to enable analyses specifically accounting for the temporal evolution of the uWF.
Virtual water trade and water footprint of agricultural goods: the 1961–2016 CWASI database / Tamea, Stefania; Tuninetti, Marta; Soligno, Irene; Laio, Francesco. - In: EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE DATA. - ISSN 1866-3508. - 13(2021), pp. 2025-2051. [10.5194/essd-2020-226]
|Titolo:||Virtual water trade and water footprint of agricultural goods: the 1961–2016 CWASI database|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-226|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|