Curved beam, plate, and shell finite elements are commonly used in the finite element modeling of a wide range of civil and mechanical engineering structures. In civil engineering, curved elements are used to model tunnels, arch bridges, pipelines, and domes. Such structures provide a more efficient load transfer than their straight/flat counterparts due to the additional strength provided by their curved geometry. The load transfer is characterized by the bending, shear, and membrane actions. In this paper, a higher-order curved inverse beam element is developed for the inverse Finite Element Method (iFEM), which is aimed at reconstructing the deformed structural shapes based on real-time, in situ strain measurements. The proposed two-node inverse beam element is based on the quintic-degree polynomial shape functions that interpolate the kinematic variables. The element is C2 continuous and has rapid convergence characteristics. To assess the element predictive capabilities, several circular arch structures subjected to static loading are analyzed, under the assumption of linear elasticity and isotropic material behavior. Comparisons between direct FEM and iFEM results are presented. It is demonstrated that the present inverse beam finite element is both efficient and accurate, requiring only a few element subdivisions to reconstruct an accurate displacement field of shallow and deep curved beams.

Application of Inverse Finite Element Method to Shape Sensing of Curved Beams / Savino, Pierclaudio; Tondolo, Francesco; Gherlone, Marco; Tessler, Alexander. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - ELETTRONICO. - 20:24(2020). [10.3390/s20247012]

Application of Inverse Finite Element Method to Shape Sensing of Curved Beams

Pierclaudio Savino;Francesco Tondolo;Marco Gherlone;Alexander Tessler
2020

Abstract

Curved beam, plate, and shell finite elements are commonly used in the finite element modeling of a wide range of civil and mechanical engineering structures. In civil engineering, curved elements are used to model tunnels, arch bridges, pipelines, and domes. Such structures provide a more efficient load transfer than their straight/flat counterparts due to the additional strength provided by their curved geometry. The load transfer is characterized by the bending, shear, and membrane actions. In this paper, a higher-order curved inverse beam element is developed for the inverse Finite Element Method (iFEM), which is aimed at reconstructing the deformed structural shapes based on real-time, in situ strain measurements. The proposed two-node inverse beam element is based on the quintic-degree polynomial shape functions that interpolate the kinematic variables. The element is C2 continuous and has rapid convergence characteristics. To assess the element predictive capabilities, several circular arch structures subjected to static loading are analyzed, under the assumption of linear elasticity and isotropic material behavior. Comparisons between direct FEM and iFEM results are presented. It is demonstrated that the present inverse beam finite element is both efficient and accurate, requiring only a few element subdivisions to reconstruct an accurate displacement field of shallow and deep curved beams.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2856903