In the identification of mechanical systems through inverse receptance methods, a linear model is usually assumed, at least on a first approximation. However, most of the systems have a degree of nonlinearity in their elastic or dissipative properties. Usually, stiffness nonlinearities are identified, while damping nonlinearities are neglected or even not detected. Indeed, an equivalent linear damping model, correctly representing the nonlinear dissipation of the system under testing condition, can always be found, but it is test-specific and not generally valid. This paper addresses the identification of dissipative models for multi degrees of freedom mechanical systems with a single damping nonlinearity. Based on the direct damping matrix identification through inverse receptance methods, this research proposes an extension of the Stabilised Layers Method, valid for linear systems, to damping nonlinearities, resulting in the identification of the test-independent linear and nonlinear damping matrices of the system. The proposed method is theoretically derived for the identification of nonlinear damping forces depending on powers of displacement and velocity. The sinusoidal input describing function approximation of the nonlinear damping is exploited to identify the coefficients of the nonlinear damping force from the system receptances, measured under sinusoidal sweeps at constant amplitudes of oscillation across the nonlinearity. The presented method is applied to identify the linear and nonlinear damping matrices of a multi degrees of freedom system with a localised nonlinear magnetic damper. The coefficients of the nonlinear magnetic damping force are identified for two configurations of the magnetic damper. The proposed approach is a parametric method to identify the nonlinear damping models of mechanical systems using standard experimental techniques usually adopted for linear systems. The identified model is valid under general excitation forces, predicting the system behaviour in a broader range of operation than the test-specific linear equivalent model.
Direct identification of nonlinear damping: application to a magnetic damped system / Lisitano, D.; Bonisoli, E.. - In: MECHANICAL SYSTEMS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING. - ISSN 0888-3270. - STAMPA. - 146(2021), pp. 1-19. [10.1016/j.ymssp.2020.107038]
|Titolo:||Direct identification of nonlinear damping: application to a magnetic damped system|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymssp.2020.107038|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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