This paper presents a method to design a Model Predictive Control to maximize the passengers’ comfort in assisted and self-driving vehicles by achieving lateral and longitudinal dynamic. The weighting parameters of the MPC are tuned offline using a Genetic Algorithm to simultaneously maximize the control performance in the tracking of speed profile, lateral deviation and relative yaw angle and to optimize the comfort perceived by the passengers. To this end, two comfort evaluation indexes extracted by ISO 2631 are used to evaluate the amount of vibration transmitted to the passengers and the probability to experience motion sickness. The effectiveness of the method is demonstrated using simulated experiments conducted on a subcompact crossover vehicle. The control tracking performance produces errors lower than 0.1 m for lateral deviation, 0.5 for relative yaw angle and 1.5 km/h for the vehicle speed. The comfort maximization results in a low percentage of people who may experience nausea (below 5%) and in a low value of equivalent acceleration perceived by the passenger (below 0.315 m=s 2 ‘‘not uncomfortable’’ by ISO 2631). The robustness at variations of vehicle parameters, namely vehicle mass, front and rear cornering stiffness and mass distribution, is evaluated through a sensitivity analysis.

Model predictive control for comfort optimization in assisted and driverless vehicles / Luciani, Sara; Bonfitto, Angelo; Amati, Nicola; Tonoli, Andrea. - In: ADVANCES IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1687-8140. - 12:11(2020). [10.1177/1687814020974532]

Model predictive control for comfort optimization in assisted and driverless vehicles

Luciani, Sara;Bonfitto, Angelo;Amati, Nicola;Tonoli, Andrea
2020

Abstract

This paper presents a method to design a Model Predictive Control to maximize the passengers’ comfort in assisted and self-driving vehicles by achieving lateral and longitudinal dynamic. The weighting parameters of the MPC are tuned offline using a Genetic Algorithm to simultaneously maximize the control performance in the tracking of speed profile, lateral deviation and relative yaw angle and to optimize the comfort perceived by the passengers. To this end, two comfort evaluation indexes extracted by ISO 2631 are used to evaluate the amount of vibration transmitted to the passengers and the probability to experience motion sickness. The effectiveness of the method is demonstrated using simulated experiments conducted on a subcompact crossover vehicle. The control tracking performance produces errors lower than 0.1 m for lateral deviation, 0.5 for relative yaw angle and 1.5 km/h for the vehicle speed. The comfort maximization results in a low percentage of people who may experience nausea (below 5%) and in a low value of equivalent acceleration perceived by the passenger (below 0.315 m=s 2 ‘‘not uncomfortable’’ by ISO 2631). The robustness at variations of vehicle parameters, namely vehicle mass, front and rear cornering stiffness and mass distribution, is evaluated through a sensitivity analysis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2853846