The pulsatility of the inferior vena cava (IVC) reflects the volume status of patients. It can be investigated by ultrasounds (US), offering an important non-invasive tool supporting fluid management. However, the method has limitations attributable to many confounding factors, e.g., related to IVC movements and non-regular shapes. Short- or long-axis views have been used, both having advantages and limitations in counteracting such confounding factors, depending on the specific condition. The aim of this study is to investigate IVC pulsatility in the different directions on the transverse plane and to assess its variability. Moreover, different components of this pulsatility (induced by either respiratory or cardiac activity) are investigated. The method is tested on 10 healthy patients, with large variations across them of IVC section (mean diameters in the range 1 cm to 3 cm), shape and pulsatility (average caval index [CI] ranging from approximately 20% to 70%). The average coefficient of variation of the CI estimated on 10 different directions was 13% (21% and 20% for the respiratory and cardiac components, respectively), with a range that was approximately 50% of the mean CI across different directions (approximately the same for the 2 different components). The minimum and maximum CI were found close to the directions of maximum and minimum IVC diameter, respectively. The investigation of IVC dynamics in the entire cross-section is crucial to obtain a more repeatable and reliable characterization of IVC pulsatility. The calculation of a CI based on the “equivalent” diameter (proportional to the square root of the IVC cross-sectional area) is encouraged.
Multi-directional Assessment of Respiratory and Cardiac Pulsatility of the Inferior Vena Cava From Ultrasound Imaging in Short Axis / Mesin, L.; Pasquero, P.; Roatta, S.. - In: ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-5629. - 46:12(2020), pp. 3475-3482.
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|Titolo:||Multi-directional Assessment of Respiratory and Cardiac Pulsatility of the Inferior Vena Cava From Ultrasound Imaging in Short Axis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2020.08.027|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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