The investigation of innovative electrolytes based on nontoxic and nonflammable solvents is an up-to-date, intriguing challenge to push forward the environmental sustainability of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Water is one of the best choices, thus 100% aqueous electrolytes are proposed in this work, which are gelled with xanthan gum. This well-known biosourced polymer matrix is able to form stable and easily processable hydrogel electrolytes based on the iodide/triiodide redox couple. An experimental strategy, also supported by the multivariate chemometric approach, is used here to study the main factors influencing DSSCs efficiency and stability, leading to an optimized system able to improve its efficiency by 20% even after a 1200 h aging test, and reaching an overall performance superior to 2.7%. In-depth photoelectrochemical investigation demonstrates that DSSCs performance based on hydrogel electrolytes depends on many factors (e.g., dipping conditions, redox mediator concentrations, etc.), that must be carefully quantified and correlated in order to optimize these hydrogels. Photovoltaic performances are also extremely reproducible and stable in an open cell filled in air atmosphere, noticeably without any vacuum treatments.
Hydrogel electrolytes based on xanthan gum: Green route towards stable dye-sensitized solar cells / Galliano, S.; Bella, F.; Bonomo, M.; Viscardi, G.; Gerbaldi, C.; Boschloo, G.; Barolo, C.. - In: NANOMATERIALS. - ISSN 2079-4991. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:8(2020), pp. 1-19.
|Titolo:||Hydrogel electrolytes based on xanthan gum: Green route towards stable dye-sensitized solar cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano10081585|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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